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The Research Hub

For 2022-23 AES and FYS Courses and a great starting point for anyone's research.

Definition: Original documents created or experienced contemporaneously with the event being researched. NOTE: These can vary slightly depending on which academic discipline you are researching in.

Characteristics: In the Humanities, look for first-hand observations, contemporary accounts of the event, viewpoints of the time. In the Natural & Social Sciences, look for empirical studies, such as reporting the results of an experiment, or a case study. 

Some examples: 

  • Journal Articles
  • Findings of scientific experiments
  • Interviews
  • Reports
  • Studies
  • Creative works
  • Speeches
  • News footage
  • Diary entries

Definition: Works that analyze, assess, or interpret an historical event, era, phenomenon, or similar group of experiments, generally utilizing primary sources to do so.

Characteristics: Interpretation of information, usually written well after the event, and offers reviews, critiques, or analyses.

Some Examples: 

  • Journal articles
  • Editorials
  • Literary criticism
  • Book or film reviews
  • Biographies
  • Textbooks