Skip to Main Content

Art of Spain

To support Dr. Hajovsky's classes, Spanish Golden Age Painting and Art of Spain 711-1700.

Downloadable Citation Guide

Start here by downloading and/or printing this file!

When to Cite

  • When you directly quote someone else                                             
  • When you reference another person's ideas
  • When you outline someone else's argument or line of reasoning

When in doubt, cite it- and cite it properly, using this page as a guide!

Full Citing Sources InfoGuide. See tabs for Chicago/Turabian or MLA, two commonly used styles in Art History.


Zotero is a free citation manager that allows you to save citation information while searching and browsing the Web. With a single click, Zotero saves citations and enables you to create customized bibliographies in standard citation styles, including MLA, Chicago and APA. This helpful tool can really help with time management and organization, so definitely look into it!

See the Quick Start page with its helpful Video Intro to get started.

Academic Integrity: the SU Honor Code

From the Southwestern University Student Handbook:

"Plagiarism is the submission of another's work as one's own without acknowledgment in the written work.

There are basically four ways in which research papers use or incorporate written materials, and each of these requires footnoting.

1. Direct quotations should be marked off with quotation marks, with a footnote to indicate the source.

It is not necessary to place in quotation marks every word in your paper that appears in a source you are using. If your paper concerns Napoleon, for example, you need not place "Napoleon" in quotation marks merely because your sources use the name. Similarly, there are phrases of some length such as "on the other hand" or "it is evident that" which are common property and act in effect as single words.

2. Paraphrase. Where your own language follows closely the language of a written source, or where your line of argument follows a source, you need not use quotation marks, but you are obliged to indicate the source in a footnote.

3. General indebtedness. Where the ideas in your paper closely resemble and were suggested by the ideas in a source, a footnote should be used to indicate this.

4. Background information. In any area of inquiry there are matters of fact commonly known to everyone with a serious interest. Such information need not be footnoted one fact at a time. Instead, a general footnote toward the beginning of the paper, naming the sources where such general information was obtained, is sufficient."