There are many types of background materials: encyclopedias (both general and subject specific), handbooks, and bibliographies. Why use a background source? It can save you time by helping you with the groundwork below
Get an overview of a new or complex topic
Find out the namesof key players in a given area
Locatetermsthat you can use in your research
Help narrow(or expand) your topic
Locate a bibliography of sources to help you start your research.
If there is an option, select Peer-Reviewed or Scholarly Journal or Academic Journal
Type your keywords\key concepts in the search box
In the results list, look for PDF or full text links to the article title
Click on the link to access the full article
Original Research Articles
Research articles, empirical, research primary research, are based on original research. If you need to limit your sources to research articles, you must be able to tell the difference. Most research articles will contain the following:
A summary of the article. (Note: Abstracts appear in reviews or secondary articles as well.)
Sometimes called "methodology" or "materials and methods," this section describes the author's research methods and tools: experiment, survey, data sources, etc.
Also called "findings," this is the section of the article in which raw data are presented.
Sometimes called "analysis," this is the section in which the author analyzes the data.
The author's conclusions based on the analysis.
List of references to works cited in the article.
These standard parts of a research article may not always be labeled, and sometimes they are combined (for example, "Data and Methods"). Still, every research article indicates what methods and tools were used to conduct the research, what the results were, and how the author interprets those results.
Collective Behavior & Social Movement
Social Movement Studies
Journal of Neuroscience Psychology
Culture and Social Structure
Journal of Contemporary Ethnography
Journal of Popular Culture
Journal of Consumer Culture
Demography and Population
Journal of Refugee Studies
Population and Environment
Population and Development Review
Family, Life Course and Society
Journal of Marriage and Family
Journal of Family Issues
Aging and Society
Gender and Sexuality
Gender and Society
Men and Masculinities
Journal of Homosexuality
Women's Studies International
Medicine and Health
Sociology of Health and Illness
Family and Community Health
Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health
Society, Health and Vulnerabilities
Race and Ethnicity
Ethnic and Racial Studies
Race and Social Problems
Race and Class
Race and Justice
Journal of Race, Class, and Ethnicity
Sociology of Sports
SSJ: Sociology of Sports
Sociology of Sport Journal
Theory, Culture & Society
Theory and Society
Other Types of Articles
Not every article in a scholarly journal contains research or analysis. Scholarly journals may also include:
Literature reviews - often reviews original research
Meta-Analysis or systematic reviews - analysis of original research
Editorials or commentaries
Speeches and interviews
These are not original or primary research articles.