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FYS: Secret Lives of Metaphor

Library research tips for Professor Kilfoyle's FYS
Making truth : metaphor in science
Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree
Morning dew and roses : nuance, metaphor, and meaning in folksongs
Politicians and rhetoric : the persuasive power of metaphor
Machine As Metaphor and Tool
The body of Frankenstein's monster : essays in myth and medicine
Thou art that : transforming religious metaphor
The Lay of the Land
Writing the Heavenly Frontier
On Metaphor
Cold War Rhetoric
Blood read : the vampire as metaphor in contemporary culture

WorldCat Local catalog

Suggested Databases for Articles

The accepted authority on the evolution of the English language. A guide to the meaning, history, and pronunciation of 600,000 words, past and present. You can find the 20 volume print edition of the OED in the Research Commons at 423 OX2.

Academic Search Complete is a comprehensive multi-disciplinary full-text database. Start your research for articles here!  Tip #1: View an article's full record to read the abstract, or summary, and quickly decide if it is useful for your research.  Tip #2: Use the subject links from the full record to find additional articles.

Project MUSE provides complete, full-text versions of scholarly journals from many of the world's leading university presses and scholarly societies. 

JSTOR is a multi-disciplinary database which provides scholarly, full-text content. While coverage goes all the way back to the 19th century, be aware there is no current content for many journals. 

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Evaluating websites

Use these criteria to evaluate a website: Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose

Currency: the timeliness of the information

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Is the information current or out-of date for your topic?
  • Are the links functional?

Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
  • Would you be comfortable using this source for a research paper?

Authority: the source of the information

  • Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
  • Are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given?
  • What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
  • What are the author's qualifications to write on the topic?
  • Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?
    • examples: .com (commercial), .edu (educational), .gov (U.S. government), .org (nonprofit organization), or .net (network)

Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
  • Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?

Purpose: the reason the information exists

  • What is the purpose of the information? to inform? teach? sell? entertain? persuade?
  • Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
  • Is the information fact? opinion? propaganda?
  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?
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Here are a few sites related to metaphor for you to explore. Challenge: use the CRAAP test (above) to evaluate them!

Mapping Metaphor

MetaNet Metaphor Wiki

IARPA: Metaphor Program

Metaphor Lab

The Mind is a Metaphor

MLA Citation Style

Complete your research by correctly citing all your sources. A citation credits the authors / creators of sources you used, and lets your paper's reader locate and verify these sources. MLA is the major style and citation guide in the field of literary studies. 

Purdue OWL -- Online Writing Lab -- covers the basics of MLA formatting and style. For the most complete information, use the Handbook, available in the Research Commons and on Reserve.

Session evaluation

Please take a couple of minutes to provide feedback on your library session -- only 5 questions!: