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Citing Sources: Home


Use the resources and information in this guide to help you cite your sources.

Within this guide you will find information about major citation styles, style guides available in the library and on the web, and tools to help you manage your citations.

As always, feel free to contact a librarian for additional help with any of the citation styles covered here, or with a citation style not featured in this guide.

Citation Styles

Knowing what citation style to use

The citation style you use will depend on what your instructor wants you to use. Certain citation styles are also favored by different academic disciplines. To learn more about the various major citation styles, use the tabs at the top of the page or the links below.

Major Citation Styles




Why Cite Sources?

When you quote, paraphrase, summarize, or refer to another person's work, you must cite the source that you used. Here are some reasons why.

Provide a Roadmap

Citations let readers locate and use the sources you consulted, and citations also help to demonstrate the depth and breadth of your research.

Demonstrate Scholarly Engagement

All research is a dialog, and by citing your sources you show readers that you are critically engaging with arguments and that you are formulating your own arguments and ideas in response.

Give Credit Where Credit is Due

A main point to remember is that you cite your sources to avoid plagiarism.

Types of Citations

How to cite your sources

There are two common methods of citing sources.

In-Text Citations - In-text citations come in two forms: parenthetical citations or footnotes. The type of in-text citations you use depends on the citation style. In-text citations are generally very brief. In an in-text citation, you generally provide the author's name, a page number, and possibly the date when the work was published.

List of sources - The list of sources you provide is called a variety of things, depending on the citation style you are using. You will either create a Bibliography, a Works Cited, or a Reference List, depending on your project and citation style. In the list of sources you create, you will include a full citation for the work you are referencing. Full citations include the authors full name, the title of the work, and the location and date of publication.

Debby Ellis Writing Center

For help with any and all stages of the writing process, including citing sources, you can visit the friendly people at the Debby Ellis Writing Center.

Visit the Writing Center web site to learn more.