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Citing Sources: APA

APA: The Basics

What is APA?

APA is the citation style of the American Psychological Association.  APA is widely used in the social sciences, in fields such as psychology.

Additional Information

Use the various resources listed on this page to find examples of APA citations. For information on ways to manage your citations, go to the Citation Tools page.

If you have additional questions, don't hesitate to contact a librarian!

Citation Books

The following books contain information on citing in a variety of styles (such as MLA and APA), as well as general writing advice.

APA Citations

For extensive examples on a variety of cited sources, see the links listed above or refer to the MLA handbooks available in the library.

In-Text Citations

In APA you use parenthetical citations in the body of a paper. A parenthetical citation in APA includes the author's name, the page number, and the publication date.

In an APA parenthetical citation, you only provide the information necessary to locate a source in your Works Cited. If you use an author's name in a sentence, you do not need to include the name again in the parenthetical citation.

Information about the year a work was published tends to go right next to the author's name, regardless of where it appears in the sentence.

Remember that in-text citations should compliment and not repeat information from the text of the paper.


In APA, you also create a list of References listing all of your sources alphabetically.  A references page contains a full citation for every source you use. Full citations include the author's name, the complete title, and complete publication information.